National Book Award

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Nacionalinė knygų premija (angl. National Book Award) buvo įteigta 1950 metais. Ją įsteigė Amerikos knygų leidėjų taryba, Knygų leidybos institutas ir Amerikos knygų prekybininkų asociacija. 19801986 metais buvo vadinama Amerikos knygų premija, 1987 metais premija vėl atgavo pirmykštį pavadinimą. Premijos teikimą nuo 1989 metų perėmė Nacionalinis knygų fondas. Premiją sudaro 10 000 USD. 1964–1980 m. nominacijoms buvo pristatomos trys knygų kategorijos – dalykinė knyga, beletristika, poezija, o vėliau išaugo iki 26. 1984 m. Nacionalinės knygų premijos apdovanojimų skaičius buvo suskirstytas į dvi kategorijas: beletristiką ir dalykinę literatūrą. Poezijos kūriniai vėl pristatomi nominacijai tik nuo 1991 m. Apdovanoti gali būti tik praeitų metų kūriniai, sukurti dar gyvenančiųjų valstybės piliečių. Trijų apdovanojimų – už beletristiką, dalykinę knygą ir poeziją – vertas knygas atrenka trys komisijos nariai.

Knygų kategorijos. Premijos laureatai[taisyti | redaguoti kodą]

Beletristika[taisyti | redaguoti kodą]

1950 Nelson Algren The Man with the Golden Arm
1951 William Faulkner The Collected Stories of William Faulkner
1952 James Jones From Here to Eternity
1953 Ralph Ellison Invisible Man
1954 Saul Bellow The Adventures of Augie March
1955 William Faulkner A Fable
1956 John O'Hara Ten North Frederick
1957 Wright Morris The Field of Vision
1958 John Cheever The Wapshot Chronicle
1959 Bernard Malamud The Magic Barrel
1960 Philip Roth Goodbye, Columbus
1961 Conrad Richter The Waters of Kronos
1962 Walker Percy The Moviegoer
1963 J. F. Powers Morte D'Urban
1964 John Updike The Centaur
1965 Saul Bellow Herzog
1966 Katherine Anne Porter The Collected Stories of Katherine Anne Porter
1967 Bernard Malamud The Fixer
1968 Thornton Wilder The Eighth Day
1969 Jerzy Kosinski Steps
1970 Joyce Carol Oates them
1971 Saul Bellow Mr. Sammler's Planet
1972 Flannery O'Connor The Complete Stories of Flannery O'Connor
1973 John Barth Chimera
1973 John Edward Williams Augustus
1974 Thomas Pynchon Gravity's Rainbow
1974 Isaac Bashevis Singer A Crown of Feathers and Other Stories
1975 Robert Stone Dog Soldiers
1975 Thomas Williams The Hair of Harold Roux
1976 William Gaddis J R
1977 Wallace Stegner The Spectator Bird
1978 Mary Lee Settle Blood Tie
1979 Tim O’Brien Going After Cacciato
1980 William Styron Sophie’s Choice
1980 John Irving The World According to Garp
1981 Wright Morris Plains Song
1981 John Cheever The Stories of John Cheever
1982 John Updike Rabbit is Rich
1982 William Maxwell So Long, See You Tomorrow
1983 Alice Walker The Color Purple
1983 Eudora Welty Collected Stories of Eudora Welty
1984 Ellen Gilchrist Victory Over Japan: A Book of Stories
1985 Don DeLillo White Noise
1986 E. L. Doctorow World’s Fair
1987 Larry Heinemann Paco's Story
1988 Pete Dexter Paris Trout
1989 John Casey Spartina
1990 Charles Johnson Middle Passage
1991 Norman Rush Mating
1992 Cormac McCarthy All the Pretty Horses
1993 E. Annie Proulx The Shipping News
1994 William Gaddis A Frolic of His Own
1995 Philip Roth Sabbath's Theater
1996 Andrea Barrett Ship Fever and Other Stories
1997 Charles Frazier Cold Mountain
1998 Alice McDermott Charming Billy
1999 Ha Jin Waiting
2000 Susan Sontag In America
2001 Jonathan Franzen The Corrections
2002 Julia Glass Three Junes
2003 Shirley Hazzard The Great Fire
2004 Lily Tuck The News from Paraguay
2005 William Vollmann Europe Central
2006 Richard Powers The Echo Maker
2007 Denis Johnson Tree of Smoke

Dalykinė literatūra[taisyti | redaguoti kodą]

1950 Ralph L. Rusk Ralph Waldo Emerson (straipsnis apie Ralph Waldo Emerson)
1951 Newton Arvin Herman Melville (straipsnis apie Herman Melville)
1952 Rachel Carson The Sea Around Us
1953 Bernard A. De Voto The Course of Empire
1954 Bruce Catton A Stillness at Appomattox
1955 Joseph Wood Krutch The Measure of Man
1956 Herbert Kubly An American in Italy
1957 George F. Kennan Russia Leaves the War
1958 Catherine Drinker Bowen The Lion and the Throne (straipsnis apie Edward Coke)
1959 J. Christopher Herold Mistress to an Age: A Life of Madame De Stael
1960 Richard Ellmann James Joyce (straipsnis apie James Joyce}
1961 William L. Shirer The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich
1962 Lewis Mumford The City in History: Its Origins, its Transformations and its Prospects
1963 Leon Edel Henry James, Vol. II: The Conquest of London, Henry James, Vol. III: The Middle Years
1984 Robert V. Remini Andrew Jackson & the Course of American Democracy, 1833–1845 (straipsnis apie Andrew Jackson)
1985 J. Anthony Lukas Common Ground: A Turbulent Decade in the Lives of Three American Families
1986 Barry Lopez Arctic Dreams
1987 Richard Rhodes The Making of the Atomic Bomb
1988 Neil Sheehan A Bright Shining Lie: John Paul Vann and America in Vietnam (straipsnis apie John Paul Vann)
1989 Thomas L. Friedman From Beirut to Jerusalem
1990 Ron Chernow The House of Morgan: An American Banking Dynasty and the Rise of Modern Finance
1991 Orlando Patterson Freedom
1992 Paul Monette Becoming a Man: Half a Life Story
1993 Gore Vidal United States: Essays 1952–1992
1994 Sherwin B. Nuland How We Die: Reflections on Life's Final Chapter
1995 Tina Rosenberg The Haunted Land: Facing Europe's Ghosts After Communism
1996 James P. Carroll An American Requiem: God, My Father, and the War that Came Between Us
1997 Joseph J. Ellis American Sphinx: The Character of Thomas Jefferson
1998 Edward Ball Slaves in the Family
1999 John W. Dower Embracing Defeat: Japan in the Wake of World War II
2000 Nathaniel Philbrick In the Heart of the Sea: The Tragedy of the Whaleship Essex
2001 Andrew Solomon The Noonday Demon: An Atlas of Depression
2002 Robert A. Caro Master of the Senate: The Years of Lyndon Johnson
2003 Carlos Eire Waiting for Snow in Havana: Confessions of a Cuban Boy
2004 Kevin Boyle Arc of Justice: A Saga of Race, Civil Rights, and Murder in the Jazz Age[1]
2005 Joan Didion The Year of Magical Thinking
2006 Timothy Egan The Worst Hard Time: The Untold Story of Those Who Survived the Great American Dust Bowl
2007 Tim Weiner Legacy of Ashes: The History of the CIA

Poezija[taisyti | redaguoti kodą]

1950 William Carlos Williams Paterson: Book III and Selected Poems
1951 Wallace Stevens The Auroras of Autumn
1952 Marianne Moore Collected Poems
1953 Archibald MacLeish Collected Poems, 1917–1952
1954 Conrad Aiken Collected Poems
1955 Wallace Stevens The Collected Poems of Wallace Stevens
1956 W. H. Auden The Shield of Achilles
1957 Richard Wilbur Things of This World
1958 Robert Penn Warren Promises: Poems, 1954–1956
1959 Theodore Roethke Words for the Wind
1960 Robert Lowell Life Studies
1961 Randall Jarrell The Woman at the Washington Zoo
1962 Alan Dugan Poems
1963 William Stafford Traveling Through the Dark
1964 John Crowe Ransom Selected Poems
1965 Theodore Roethke The Far Field
1966 James Dickey Buckdancer's Choice
1967 James Merrill Nights and Days
1968 Robert Bly The Light Around the Body
1969 John Berryman His Toy, His Dream, His Rest
1970 Elizabeth Bishop The Complete Poems
1971 Mona Van Duyn To See, To Take
1972 Frank O'Hara The Collected Works of Frank O'Hara
1972 Howard Moss Selected Poems
1973 A. R. Ammons Collected Poems, 1951–1971
1974 Allen Ginsberg The Fall of America: Poems of these States, 1965–1971
1974 Adrienne Rich Diving into the Wreck: Poems 1971–1972
1975 Marilyn Hacker Presentation Piece
1976 John Ashbery Self-portrait in a Convex Mirror
1977 Richard Eberhart Collected Poems, 1930–1976
1978 Howard Nemerov The Collected Poems of Howard Nemerov
1979 James Merrill Mirabell: Book of Numbers
1980 Philip Levine Ashes: Poems New and Old
1981 Lisel Mueller The Need to Hold Still
1982 William Bronk Life Supports: New and Collected Poems
1983 Galway Kinnell Selected Poems
1983 Charles Wright Country Music: Selected Early Poems
1985 Apdovanojimo nėra
1986 Apdovanojimo nėra
987 Apdovanojimo nėra
1988 Apdovanojimo nėra
1989 Apdovanojimo nėra
1990 Apdovanojimo nėra
1991 Philip Levine What Work Is
1992 Mary Oliver New & Selected Poems
1993 A. R. Ammons Garbage
1994 James Tate A Worshipful Company of Fletchers
1995 Stanley Kunitz Passing Through: The Later Poems
1996 Hayden Carruth Scrambled Eggs & Whiskey
1997 William Morris Meredith, Jr. Effort at Speech: New & Selected Poems
1998 Gerald Stern This Time: New and Selected Poems
1999 Ai Vice: New & Selected Poems
2000 Lucille Clifton Blessing the Boats: New and Selected Poems 1988–2000
2001 Alan Dugan Poems Seven: New and Complete Poetry
2002 Ruth Stone In the Next Galaxy
2003 C. K. Williams The Singing
2004 Jean Valentine Door in the Mountain: New and Collected Poems, 1965–2003
2005 W. S. Merwin Migration: New & Selected Poems
2006 Nathaniel Mackey Splay Anthem
2007 Robert Hass Time and Materials: Poems, 1997–2005

Jaunų rašytojų literatūra[taisyti | redaguoti kodą]

1996 Victor Martinez Parrott In the Oven: MiVida
1997 Han Nolan Dancing on the Edge
1998 Louis Sachar Holes
1999 Kimberly Willis Holt When Zachary Beaver Came to Town
2000 Gloria Whelan Homeless Bird
2001 Virginia Euwer Wolff True Believer
2002 Nancy Farmer The House of the Scorpion
2003 Polly Horvath The Canning Season
2004 Pete Hautman Godless
2005 Jeanne Birdsall The Penderwicks: A Summer Tale of Four Sisters, Two Rabbits, and a Very Interesting Boy
2006 M. T. Anderson The Astonishing Life of Octavian Nothing, Traitor to the Nation, Vol. I
2007 Sherman Alexie The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-Time Indian

Išnašos[taisyti | redaguoti kodą]